The Spanish Association of Biomass has presented two projects to the Government of Spain to promote the implementation of biomass as a source of renewable energy in municipalities with fewer than 5.000 inhabitants.
The two initiatives presented by AVEBIOM in December 2020 to the Representative They would mobilize 1.000 million euros and fully fit with the objectives of the Recovery, Transformation and Resilience Plan of the State, with which the Government of Spain will guide the execution of 72.000 million euros of European funds until 2023.
It is about developing up 100 new heat networks with local biomass, what would they give serving about 250.000 people in the rural environment and, on the other hand, favor the replacement of obsolete heating systems by individual state-of-the-art biomass equipment that uses certified biofuels in 255.000 homes.
These projects are highly feasible in rural areas, where there is a high percentage of single-family homes that still use diesel boilers, butane gas stoves and even coal to heat pollutants in some areas, and where many outdated, non-compliant wood stoves and boilers also continue to operate to the Ecodesign regulation.
In addition, in the target municipalities the local biomass potential for energy uses is assured, either in the form of agricultural waste, biogas or residual forest biomass.
According to Javier Díaz, president of AVEBIOM, “we have designed two ambitious projects, not only for the biomass sector, but for the country as a whole, as they clearly contribute to achieving a just transition and fighting energy poverty, reducing emissions and increasing the share of renewable heat in the final use of energy. Two initiatives completely in line with the objectives set by the Green Deal in the EU and developed in our country by the National Integrated Energy and Climate Plan (PNIEC). "
INSTALL 100 NEW BIOMASS NETWORKS TO HEAT 250.000 PEOPLE
These heat networks would heat an area of 10 million square meters using 150.000 tons of renewable biofuels each year. With a global power greater than 1.400 MW, the project contributes more than 1,5% to the renewable heat target established by the PNIEC.
According to the latest data collected by the Biomass Observatory, at the end of 2020 there were 433 biomass networks in operation in Spain and 50 projects were in different stages of development. To make the proposed increase in heat networks a reality, AVEBIOM considers that a public investment of 150 million euros, which would generate a traction of the private investment of an additional € 225 million.
REPLACE 255.000 OBSOLETE EQUIPMENT WITH THE LATEST TECHNOLOGY BIOMASS SYSTEMS
This important energy renovation of the houses would have very positive effects; on the one hand, the replacement of polluting equipment with biomass systems in accordance with the Ecodesign regulations would significantly reduce current emissions and, on the other hand, it would more economical access to heating for the entire population.
As calculated by the Association, completing the replacement of equipment would benefit more than 635.000 people, 11,4% of the population living in towns with fewer than 5.000 inhabitants.
These biomass boilers and stoves would require 265.000 tons of certified biofuels per year; amount that can be assumed by the capacity of national producers. 80% of the national pellet production is already ENplus® certified and there is another specific certification scheme for typical Mediterranean biofuels -BIOmasud®- increasingly recognized and acquired by companies in the sector.
Achieve this massive replacement of equipment, it would contribute 115 ktoe of gross renewable thermal energy, contributing 3,2% to the increase in renewable energies for heating and cooling set by the PNIEC as a target. To achieve this, AVEBIOM proposes a public investment of 337 million euros, which activates another 321 million euros from the private sector.
Open fireplaces: why they should be avoided
Open fireplaces are open flame, glassless fireplaces that still exist in many homes, both traditional and newly built. The open fireplace should be considered a decorative object or to cook sporadically on the coals. But it should not be considered as a heating solution, due to its poor performance and high particulate emissions.
Modern fireplaces: a valid solution
The modern fireplace has the hearth closed with a tempered glass, so that the heat that is produced inside, instead of being dispersed through the flue, is recovered thanks to the fact that it is introduced into the domestic environment through vents. In this way, the calorific power of the firewood is used more efficiently and economically. For this reason, modern fireplaces, with the same wood used, heat more and are much less polluting compared to traditional open fireplaces.
Yields, which in the open fireplace reach only 15-30%, they reach 80-90% in modern chimneys and particulate emissions levels are reduced more than eight times.
Modern pellet fireplaces: the advantages
By using pellets instead of wood, the modern fireplace can offer a further 10% reduction in the level of harmful emissions. It has been calculated, for example, that with simply replacing open wood fireplaces or obsolete wood stoves with innovative pellet products would result in a reduction in PM10 emissions of over 80%.
In addition to the ecological aspect, the modern pellet fireplace offers numerous practical advantages, mainly related to the possibility of programming the on and off according to your own schedules and needs. Fuel storage is also much simpler, since the pellet bags take up less space and are not dirty.
In the production of the textile industry, processes such as dyeing, washing or ironing are carried out that require large amounts of hot water or steam. The use of biomass as an energy source contributes to the reduction of the carbon footprint; doing this more sustainable and profitable industry due to the savings that are produced compared to traditional fossil fuels.
Natural Fire has recently carried out the installation of a 2 MW burner for steam production in a textile factory in Argentina. This conversion yields the following figures: 5000 T of CO2 emissions avoided and a 40% energy bill saving compared to diesel, fuel that was used.
It is a combined stove that works with both wood and pellets, for forced air heating, with the particularity of having two combustion chambers but only one smoke outlet and a unique design that enhances the flame of the chosen fuel.
A sliding exterior glass, decorated or smooth, completes the scenographic effect of the stove, allowing the flame to be covered or displayed at all times.
It is becoming more and more obvious that we must reduce emissions and take care of our environment. There are many different types of renewable energy that can be used. What is surprising is how little biomass is used. Its use to produce heat is the most profitable there is and where the emission savings per investment amount is extremely high.
A very interesting example
Indoor pools that have been converted to biomass with some examples that are working extraordinarily. Diesel consumption in a semi-Olympic indoor swimming pool in the Levante area was approximately 80.000 liters of diesel per year. When replacing a diesel boiler with a biomass one the same CO2 is saved as eliminating 160 diesel cars from the municipality.
The cost of an installation of this type with a boiler of the quality of Heizomat It can be between € 100 and € 150.000, including civil works and the hydraulic part. Due to the great economic savings provided by biomass as fuel, these facilities are usually amortized between 3 and 5 years.
With regard to biomass boiler installations, the most significant measure was solid particle emission limitation. In practice this meant that it would be installation of a particle filter is necessary, whether out of sleeves, ceramic or electrostatic.
Why the special impact on solid particle emissions?
The particulate emissions from a solid biofuel boiler are basically composed of ash dissolved in the combustion gases that are expelled into the atmosphere.
These inert substances can be breathed in by living beings with adverse health effects. In recent years, biomass as a fuel has been criticized for the emission of this type of particles and, therefore, more stringent emission limits are being implemented that require sophisticated filtering equipment. The two most widespread systems in the biomass combustion sector are the bag filter and electrostatic filter. While the first traps the particles through a filter cloth, the second does so through ionization and subsequent capture of the particles.
After the stoppage of activity due to the lockdown in March, which coincided with the end of the last heating season, the second half of 2020 is being very active for the biomass sector in Spain and throughout Europe. Thousands of new facilities that have already been put into operation this atypical autumn and together with the start-up of large electricity generation plants and the publication of aid to the sector are reactivating it.
An increase in heating consumption is being perceived due, among other causes, to the increase in ventilation in homes and spaces for public use. In addition, there is an increase in the use of second homes where users are opting for technified biomass equipment (stoves and boilers) as the main heating solution. They are two of the factors that are promoting biomass as the best renewable alternative of the moment.
Expobiomasa 2021, an unstoppable sector
It will be held in Valladolid from September 21 to 23, will again show that despite the pandemic and the harsh scenario that we have had to live in 2020, the biomass sector has continued to work hard and in very difficult conditions, looking for new opportunities to start 2021 with more enthusiasm and strength if possible .
For this reason, Expobiomasa is committed to a new edition with the support and backing of all the exhibiting companies that have already confirmed their participation trusting that within 9 months the limitations on population mobility will disappear.
EXPOBIOMASA is the key fair for the market in Spain, Portugal and Latin America and is in the global TOP5 of specialized fairs in the sector.
In the last edition they participated more than 500 exhibiting firms from 30 countries, being the best showcase with the latest technology, design and performance, offering modern solutions to more than 15.000 increasingly demanding and better-informed professionals.
End of first contract term
On December 31, the first contract period ends with a 40% discount on the contracted space. Make your reservation now and take advantage of these discounts. If you are interested in obtaining more information or receiving a tailored proposal, contact by email with Carmen.firstname.lastname@example.org o Teresa.email@example.com or by phone at 975102020 XNUMX XNUMX. More information
I Renewable Gas Show
This year, in addition, the XNUMXst Renewable Gas Show will be held in parallel, focused on promoting the development of biogas as a source of renewable energy. Organized jointly by AEBIG and AVEBIOM, It will be the first exclusive technology fair for professionals and companies related to renewable gas in Spain, Portugal and Latin America. More information
For the fourth year we celebrate our Bioenergy Day, as 21 other EU states have already done, highlighting the enormous biomass potential of Spain and its strategic contribution to the success of the energy transition underway.
The European Bioenergy Day It took place on November 13, 4 days earlier than in 2019. Spain could also bring forward the date of celebration by more than a week, thanks to the positive trend maintained by thermal installations with biomass, supported by an increase in the availability of biofuels sustainable and for a more determined support of the administrations within the framework of the Climate Change and Energy Transition Law.
According to the data of the Observatory of Biomass, in 2019 almost 10% more technical biomass equipment (without counting firewood) than the previous year and they already add 357.000 units and 11.570 MW of power generating thermal energy. Bioenergy employed more than 10.600 people and generated in 2019 a volume of business over 920 million euros.
With the aim of increasing the real availability of biomass, AVEBIOM has just present the first draft of the strategic plan for agrobiomass, whose enormous potential remains largely untapped. Forged thanks to the AgroBioHeat project, the document collects the vision of a large number of actors and aims to be the spring that drives the use of this important energy resource in Spain from 2021. It was presented at an online workshop opened on November 26, whose broadcast can be seen again from the association website.
AVEBIOM wanted to thank in a special way Dr. Christian Rakos, current president of the World Bioenergy Association, his commitment to the dissemination and development of the solid biomass sector for energy uses in Spain during the last 16 years, giving him the 2020 Fomenta la Bioenergía award.
In a video message, Javier Díaz, president of AVEBIOM, has made the virtual award ceremony highlighting the wonderful relationship that since 2004 has existed between the Association and Rakos, "a biomass guru, who has helped a lot in the development of biomass in Spain".
Christian Rakos has emphasized the development of the sector that occurred in Spain in the last 20 years and recalled that Bioenergy will play a very important role in meeting the challenge of replacing all fossil fuels by 2050.
Christian Rakos is one of the precursors of the ENplus® seal that certifies the quality of pellets and that has managed to position it as a renewable, efficient and sustainable alternative to fossil fuels for heating.
See video award ceremony: https://youtu.be/2wpJJnmmUbM
Spain managed to reduce its CO emissions by 6,2%2 in 2019. That is what the Advance of Greenhouse Gas Emissions, published by the Ministry for the Ecological Transition and the Demographic Challenge at the beginning of summer, indicated. The final data will be produced throughout this fall, this figure supports the viability of using non-fossil energy sources. And it is that, as the document indicates, the main reason that caused this decrease in the volume of emissions was the reduction of the use of coal for the production of electricity, in the face of a greater popularity of renewable energies.
The decrease in emissions is not caused by a recession in the economy, as they are in charge of emphasizing from the Ministry, since the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of our country grew 2%.
It is necessary to continue promoting more sustainable forms of energy, which allow economic growth and, at the same time, are respectful with the environment. Energies such as wind, solar or hydraulic are the first that usually appear in the mind of society, but there are other types of renewable energy that most of the population is unaware of, such as biomass or biogas.
Biomass: more sustainable heat and hot water (DHW)
Biomass is increasingly present in our country and the trend is for it to continue growing in the coming years. According to data from the Annual Report of the Biomass Observatory, at the end of 2018 - latest available data - there were 298.400 biomass-fueled heating installations operating in Spain, 53.480 more than the previous year, representing an increase of 22%.
Biogas: a very versatile clean energy source
The use of renewable gases as a source of energy is another example of how to implement circular economy models, since it allows to take advantage of certain waste generated to transform it into fuel. In this way, not only are they able to reduce greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere, but also an economic saving in the energy bill of the industries.
On the basement floor is the biomass boiler, for burning native wood chips, as a central source of energy for the heating system and for the production of domestic hot water. The chips are discharged from the street through two mouths specifically designed to facilitate supply. This warehouse is connected to the boiler through an auger that allows the supply of this natural fuel to be automated.
The FORUS SE2 electric drive universal 250-shaft pre-shredder has just arrived at this plant in Castilla y León, which it is perfectly suited to effortlessly shredding plant debris, demolition wood, branches, stumps, etc.
The different configurations of the crushing unit allow a specific adaptation to any material and output size. In this case, it is a multifunctional crushing unit with a counter comb (interchangeable and hydraulically folding) type A3 to obtain the desired quality and quantity. This shredding unit is insensitive to impurities and its self-cleaning means that the material does not wrap around, avoiding possible kinks. Each axis has its drive and allows the operation of both axes independently in different ways. The connection between the shaft and the drive is by means of a retractable disc coupling that transmits power optimally and freely, thanks to the friction connection. An automatic lubrication system periodically lubricates the labyrinth seals of the crushing unit with grease.
This pre grinder is equipped with a 132 kW electric motor, avoiding unnecessary emissions to the environment, low maintenance and becoming a very silent machine.
The lifting hopper is in charge of feeding and dosing the material inside the crushing unit and the conveyor belt that collects the crushed material achieves a discharge height of up to 3,2 m.
The hydraulically lifting and folding magnetic separator on top of the discharge belt is in charge of cleaning the crushed material of ferric impurities.
El FORUS shredder It is operated by a Siemens controller consisting of various modules. All information is sent to these modules through sensors, switches or signals and the integrated software controls the machine based on these input values. By means of the touch screen the machine is controlled and configured with its various crushing programs and all the relevant information on the machine is displayed. On the other hand, by means of the radio remote control it is possible to comfortably operate the FORUS SE250 from the loader while the machine is being fed.
With a crushing capacity of up to 25 t / h, the FORUS SE250 is an excellent multifunctional and versatile machine that adapts perfectly to any need.
SOLZAIMA begins production this month in its new factory. This investment is the result of the growth that the firm has had over the more than 39 years dedicated to the manufacture of equipment and biomass heating systems
Solzaima's innovative spirit has always been to rely on clean, renewable and cheaper energy. As a reward for all this effort and the unconditional support of our dealer network, Solzaima stands out today as an important company in the production of biomass heating systems.
It annually installs biomass heating systems in more than 20.000 homes. This is a market that has experienced strong growth, a sign that consumers are concerned about having greener and cheaper systems.
The launch of 380 MW in 2025 represents an increase in demand for biomass of forestry and agricultural origin of about 4 million tons. Currently, with about 900 MW operating in Spain, the demand is around 9 million tons of biomass, mainly residues from the oil industry, the wood and paper industry, and other biofuels of forest and agricultural origin.
The Ministry for the Ecological Transition and the Demographic Challenge has planned call an auction in December for the allocation of economic regime of electricity generation with biomass for 80 megawatts (MW). This is reflected in the five-year calendar included in the ministerial order that will regulate this new auction mechanism and that will begin its public hearing process.
The ministry wants to carry out a 3.100 megawatt auction this year: 1.000 MW will be used for wind power; another 1.000 MW to photovoltaic, and 80 MW to biomass, leaving the rest of power to be assigned without technological restriction.
Subsequently, and every year, between 2021 and 2025, 60MW will be allocated for biomass power generation. In total, a minimum allocation of 380 MW of biomass electricity generation is planned. The auctions that the ministry wants to carry out until 2025, sets a minimum target of 19.440 megawatts, highlighting photovoltaic and wind power as the main recipients of the assignments.
Until November 18, allegations are being presented in order to further adjust the auctions to an efficient energy model, and once the order is approved, each call will be specified by resolution of the Secretary of State for Energy, which will be published in the Official State Gazette and which will detail the rules of application in each auction. This new economic regime of renewable energies It is essential to comply with the decarbonisation commitments that Spain acquired in the Paris Agreement and as a member state of the European Union. These commitments were already included in the National Integrated Energy and Climate Plan (PNIEC) 2021-2030, which provides for the installation of around 60.000 renewable MW in the next decade and which includes, among its measures, the development of this type of auctions. For electricity generation with biomass, the PNIEC expects to reach 1.408 MW in 2030, thus favoring a renewable technology that works 24 hours a day, 7 days a week and favors the natural environment and Spanish rural society in an essential way.